Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Information Assurance

We live and conduct business in an active asymmetric threat environment. An individual, business or organization must adapt and protect its vital information assets and critical digital infrastructure. Failure to do so is reckless and may be considered as an obvious lack of due diligence for people who have fiduciary and custodial responsibilities. Any event that causes damage to information resources, whether it is a computer virus, natural disaster or system failure could be devastating to an individual (i.e. identity theft), company, its customers, suppliers and shareholders. Failing to do so may threaten the survival of the company itself. An information system security breach could result in serious financial losses, the disclosure of protected private information, loss of research and development data or fines by regulatory agencies. Losses due to intrusions into an information system could negatively affect the general public (i.e. power failures). This might result in costly class action lawsuits that could exceed an organization's ability to pay and result in its dissolution. Even an individual might be sued for negligence and be financially ruined. So how should an organization or person protect its valuable digital processing infrastructure? A business should establish and implement a comprehensive information assurance plan. Individuals should at least address the components of a professional information assurance plan. Doing so is evidence that the infrastructure owners are attempting to practice due diligence. An information assurance plan for an organization should be formalized and approved in the organization's policies and have the following components: Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability, Accountability and Non-Repudiation. Let's briefly examine each: A. Confidentiality refers to restricting access to data, information or to any component of the digital processing infrastructure unless there is a â€Å"Need† for an individual to be able to access it. The â€Å"need† must be aligned with an employee's job requirements and the mission of the organization. Strong confidentiality prevents the disclosure of sensitive records, research and development information. B. Integrity refers to maintaining the validity and reliability of information that is to be used for decision-making. An information infrastructure that has integrity can be depended upon when making decisions. The information is otherwise useless. Integrity must be aggressively assured. C. Availability is that characteristic of information, which assures that critical information is ready for access precisely when, and where it is needed and to whom it is needed so that decisions can be made. Computers and networks must be protected to assure that mission critical data is on hand when needed. D. Accountability refers to the idea of assigning responsibility to an individual or group of individuals for each part of the digital processing infrastructure. Each time the information infrastructure is accessed someone needs to be responsible for its safe and legitimate use. Otherwise the system is open to serious security breaches. E. Non-Repudiation is that component of information assurance that guarantees each party to a transaction is bound to its results. E-commerce, for example, would be impossible without provisions for assuring that a customer actually made a purchase. Maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, availability and non-repudiation of the information processing infrastructure is vital to the survival of an organization.

The Movie Django

Gary L. Willis AFRS 55T (T&[email  protected]:30) Dr. T. Hasan Johnson 02. 23. 13 Extra Credit The Movie â€Å"Django Unchained† The objective of this paper is to review some of the results of the discussion-panel’s analysis of certain aspects of this movie that relate to the Hip-Hop culture. On Thursday, February 21, 2013, I attended a panel discussion hosted by the Africana Studies Department of Fresno State University. It was conducted at the African American Museum, Fresno California. Its purpose was to evaluate this movie’s effect on us (basically Black-Americans), by analyzing elements of this movie.This movie presents Black masculinity and femininity during the 1860s slavery era of America using characters that portray slaves as childish and stupid (the Betina or D'Artagnan), violent (the Mandingo or Django), hypersexual (Sheba) and cowardly (all the black male slaves). These slavery created representations of Black masculinity (the Buck) and femininity (the Jezebel/Mulattoe) are relevant to Hip-Hop because they are the predominate characters being proffered as entertainment in the overwhelming majority of Hip-Hop videos.The stereotypical persona of â€Å"The Buck† in the videos is the Gangsta/Thug and â€Å"The Jezebel/Mulattoe† is the Bitch/Ho— both are slavery created stereotypes. The Jezebel/Mulatto (Bitch/Ho) The Buck (Gangsta/Thug) Another aspect of this movie relevant to Hip-hop culture is the word â€Å"nigger†, used incessantly in the movie, just as, its morphed version, â€Å"Nigga† is used incessantly by Hip-Hoppers, in conversation and in their videos.Since language is one of the seven essential element of all cultures, the usage of the word â€Å"nigger† was discussed by the panel and audience and as a result of this discussion, we agreed that—without the use of the word â€Å"nigger†, â€Å"Django Unchained† would not be authentic; because, in this movie, â€Å"nigger† is a descriptive term, used to describe property, e. g. a slave or slaves—with no malice intended. Here are two examples, horse or horses and house or houses—ergo, nigger or niggers.The only character that uses â€Å"nigger† other than as a description of property is Stephen (the â€Å"Uncle Tom† played by Samuel L. Jackson). He used the word â€Å"nigger† to degrade his fellow black slaves. As with the movies use of â€Å"nigger†, the same can be said about Hip-Hop videos, they would lose its authenticity without the use of the word â€Å"Nigga† because â€Å"Nigga† in Hip-hop is a descriptive turn, but unlike â€Å"nigger† it versatility. For example, it can be used describe a relationship and its meaning changes depending on who is saying it and to whom.For example, in the movie when a Slave-master says â€Å"My nigger†, it does not have the same meaning as a Gangsta/thug or Jezebel/Mulatto e in a Hip-Hop video saying, â€Å"My Nigga†. The Slave-masters are describing their property, while the Hip-Hoppers are describing their relationships. During the audience participation portion of this discussion, a young black- man in the audience (Christopher Jackson) described how much the movie upset him.He also shared with us, the extent to which it made him realize how horrible slavery was; and how much suffering his ancestors had to endure; so that he can enjoy the civil rights he has today. He said, â€Å"Now I truly appreciate my ancestors and men like Martin and Malcolm, who made the ultimate sacrifice so that I can enjoy the freedom I have today. † Personal Reflections If the motives for making â€Å"Django Unchained† are to make us aware of how much our ancestors suffered under the yoke of slavery and to make us cherish our freedom; then, Christopher Jackson’s words are a testament to this movie’s success in both endeavors!In conclusio n—I, along with many participants in this discussion, enjoyed â€Å"Django Unchained† and hope that there will be more movies made that expose the horrors of slavery, and that, also promote positive images of black men and women. ——————————————– [ 1 ]. This paper was submitted as extra credit for AFRS 27, 55T and 144 [ 2 ]. Heretofore, us, we, and our refers to Black-Americans [ 3 ]. Donald Bogle, Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies & Bucks

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Swisher Mower and Machine Company (Smc)

RECOMMENDATION: Swisher Mower and Machine Company should reject the offer to produce the Private-Label brand. RATIONALE: †¢Standard Riding Mower contribution per unit would drop from $97 to $33. 98, which is $63. 02 per mower. (Appendix 4) †¢Contribution Margin would drop from 14. 92% to 5. 5%, which is 9. 42%. (Appendix 4) †¢Swisher Mower would only profit $62,819 from producing the 8,200 units in the Private-Label in the first full year of production. (Appendix 5) oProfit per mower is only $7. 66 per unit. Cannibalization of SMC current mower is ($29,000) loss from the private-label brand. Plus, the loss of additional smaller independent dealer in the future since there will be an overlap in trade areas. (Appendix 3) †¢SMC will incur additional labor cost on 2,450 units because the factory is already at full capacity. oThis results in additional $63,700 overtime labor cost, which is $7. 77 per unit. (Appendix 1) †¢With the increase in labor, materials, over head, and property tax, the additional variable cost is $30. 52 per unit. Appendix 1) oThis brings the total variable cost to $583. 52. (Appendix 4) †¢SMC will only be making $7. 66 per mower, and the company wants them to pay $22 per hour for any maintenance on a mower under warranty. Therefore SMC would have to sell 3 additional mowers to cover each hour work done to a mower under warranty. †¢The accounts receivable and inventory carrying cost for the private-label brand is $175,789. 97, $59,386. 73 and $116,412. 24 respectively. (Appendix 2) †¢The image of company would be altered since SMC would double their sales with one private-label product. Since the company has a reputation of being small and personal introducing the private-label could be detrimental to their current business. †¢Remain status quo and on average increase profit by 10% and continue to widen the breathe of the product lines, Trim-Max. APPENDICES APPENDIX 1 Incremental Cost for Private Label Direct Labor Cost $650 x 4% = $26 Additional Labor for 2,450 units = 2,450 x $26 = $63,700 / 8,200 units = $7. 77 per Unit Direct Materials Cost $650 x 1% = $6. 50 Additional Overhead $650 x 1% = $6. 50 Additional Property Tax $650 x 1. % = $9. 75 Total Additional Var. Cost = $7. 77 + $6. 50 + $6. 50 + $9. 75 = $30. 52 APPENDIX 2 Carrying Cost for Private Label Accounts Receivable A/R Turnover Rate = 365 / 45 = 8. 1 8,200 units x $617. 50 = $5,063,500 / 8. 1 = 625,123. 46 x 9. 5% = $59,386. 73 Inventory Inv. Turnover Rate = 5. 8 Average Inv. = 2,100 units Unit Cost = $583. 52 2,100 units x $583. 52 = $1,225,392 x 9. 5% = $116,412. 24 Total Carrying Cost = A/R + I nv. = $175,798. 97 APPENDIX 3 Cannibalization SMC mower = $650 – $553 = $97 Contribution Per Unit Units Lost = 300 $97 x 300 = ($29,100)

Monday, July 29, 2019

Goldman Sachs unethical behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Goldman Sachs unethical behaviour - Essay Example This implies that the responsible players at the helm of its management should operate its functions devoid of the slightest mistake that could cause a multiplier effect of unpleasant results across the board. Flouting basic business ethics in such a sensitive system could perhaps amount to the worst ethical bleach of this age. Informed from such a global perspective, this section of this discourse assesses the conduct of one of the players at the helm Wall Street to find its credibility from a business ethics perspective (US Senate, 3). Operations of the Wall Street are largely accused of the downfall of the US economy from 2008, due to unprecedented departure from safety lending regulations particularly in the financial services sector. The most affected were mortgage, debt and stock markets whose effect spilled over into the other financial institutions in such a rate that almost paralyzed the entire economy. Sooner than later, the global economy were feeling a pinch of the spiraling impact. A leader in the mortgage business was perhaps more responsible than many more players in the market. Goldman Sachs happened to be one of the main two players in the infamous mortgage market immediately before the collapse of the Wall Street in 2008, alongside Deutsche Bank. The conduct of Goldman Sachs in terms of ethical responsibility it had to observe demonstrates incompetence due to a number of abuses. Firstly, the manner in which mortgage and other related securities were handled in the unstable market left a lot to be desired (Griffin, 94). Goldman Sachs participated in the design of a risky complex securities system whose failure orchestrated the downfall of several aspects of the market. The mortgage instruments designed by Goldman Sachs and other players were complicated in such a manner that the derived securities became more valuable than the original instruments of trade in the market. Goldman Sachs was aware of

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Birkman Team Strengths Reflection Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Birkman Team Strengths Reflection - Case Study Example This report is prepared with the aim of evaluating the strengths, diversity, motivation factors and effectiveness of a team from the point of view of organizational behavior through the use of the Birkman Assessment framework. Teams are essential components of any organization. The functioning of individual teams in a company adds up to form the total capability of an organization in terms of performance, efficiency and effectiveness. It is essential to capitalize on the diversity, personality and strengths of the teams within a company to ensure that the company is able to attain the maximum possible performance targets. Developing an understanding of the present situations and dynamics of the teams operating within a company can be greatly advantageous for the overall organizational setting and culture and fro developing future organization behavior strategies and solutions within a business. A team consisting of four to six members is selected and analyzed through the use of the organizational focus based on color bars and the interest based grid coordinates developed by the Birkman international Inc. This analysis encompasses an identification and evaluation of the motivations, strengths, weaknesses, diversity as well as the areas of interest and lack within the team. This helps to gauge the effectiveness and capacity of the team to perform in a value adding manner as well as add to the overall capabilities and performance levels of the organization (Gundry, Kickul and Prather, 2004, p.44). An understanding and insight into the different types of factors that directly or indirectly impact the behavior and capability of a team helps a company to promote innovation, foster creativity, improve the organizational performance levels and take suitable business and corporate decisions (Thompson, 2003, pp.96-109). The Birkman’s lifestyle grid of

Saturday, July 27, 2019

My Happiest Day Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

My Happiest Day - Essay Example The opening ceremony was emphatic and exciting. One side of the stadium was full of Atletico Madrid fans while the other side Real Madrid fans were chanting and singing victory songs. Believe me; it was magnificent and gigantic especially because I was one of the fans present in that stadium. Once the referee blew the whistle, the high profile match commenced with hype. Real Madrid’s players were showing a lot of enthusiasm and gave the fantastic performance. Motivational slogans and songs from fans of the two teams were conspicuous. By the end of the first match, Atletico Madrid scored. For me, this was a sad moment but I still had nope that my team will emerge the winners. This was the only goal in the first halftime and the second half of the match. Real Madrid players had many chances to score, but ninety minutes erupted without a single goal. The referee extended the match by five more minutes and Real Madrid got a corner kick. I closed my eyes in hope that my team will s core and all I heard was the rumbling of the ground as thousands of fans celebrated the equalizing goal. Despite the fact that my eyes were shut, I shouted and celebrated with my fellow fans. My happiness was evident and felt as one of the happiest person in the world. It was evident that the match was going to have extra time. It was not only surprising but overwhelming because Real Madrid scored three more goals in twenty minutes. My favorite team was finally crowned as the Champion after twelve years.

Friday, July 26, 2019

IT Consultancies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

IT Consultancies - Essay Example This paper reports on information technology consultancies for small and medium enterprises. IT consultancies The small and medium enterprises have embraced information technology developments and have established demand for consultancy services. Some of the enterprises’ consulting services in information technology applications include the following, as are offered by SME consulting services. Web design Customer relationship management Content management system E-commerce Custom application development Design outsource (Sme, 2010) Justifications of the information technology consultancies Application of the consultancies by the enterprises, the derived benefits of the applications as well as the fact that the small and medium enterprises have limited financial capacities to purchase or develop their own applications justifies the need for information technology consultancies. Features of each consultancy however identify specialized justification for each consultancy services . Web design is for instance an essential tool to every organization because of the globalized market that is dominated by the internet technology. Having an organization’s web site is therefore essential to reaching its target stakeholders. The quality of a developed website is also essential to an organization’s target customers as a marketing strategy towards a competitive advantage. Achieving an objective of developing an effective website therefore require expertise knowledge in â€Å"web design,† â€Å"flash and multimedia,† developing sites that have â€Å"interactive sound,† and â€Å"content management system† (Sme, 2010, p. 1). The derived benefits from application of content management system also justify the need for its consultancy services. This is because of its scope that promotes effectiveness and efficacy in data management and management of website pages that is instrumental to forecasting and management of trends for orga nizational decision making, and marketing through exploiting audience’ tastes and attitudes in developing website’s content. Some of the specialized services from content management system include â€Å"professional content designs,† developed potential to adjust information content, search assistance options, and add inns to an organization’s web pages (Sme, 2010, p. 1). Similarly, technological developments towards reliance on the internet also identify the need for business initiatives over the internet. Communication towards agreements for sale of property and transfer of ownership is for example easier and faster over the internet, especially in the globalized market where geographical gap hampers traditional methods of written communication. Achieving the desired communication efficiencies however requires specialized tools that are offered by E-commerce consultancy. The consultancy accords diversified services such as interlinked classes of product s and suppliers, diversified currencies and languages for communication, products evaluation, and feedbacks on the products, services for ordering and paying for commodities, and relevant calculations from transactions. These services’ ability to enhance electronic business transactions therefore justifies the need for the consultancy towards efficiency and effectiveness (Sme, 2010). Customer relationship management is another essential element of an enterprise’s management, and development and application of its model justifies the nee

Thursday, July 25, 2019

The Star Appeal of Farid al-Atrash and Yusuf Wahbi Assignment

The Star Appeal of Farid al-Atrash and Yusuf Wahbi - Assignment Example Farid’s mother had to work as a singer in private functions like parties and weddings as her children also did jobs as they went to school. Farid and his young sister Amal took an interest in their mother’s love for singing and thus she encouraged them to sing as she taught Farid how to play the oud. Early in their youth, Farid and Amal (who later became Ashmahane), began drawing the attention of composers and song-writers who were amazed by their musical talents and beautiful voices. Soon, they were singing in radio stations and in large gatherings. The cinema also opened a door for success for Farid and Ashmahane after they starred in two films. Unfortunately, tragedy struck and Ashmahane died after being involved in a grizzly car accident. It was rumoured that she was involved with the British intelligence (IMDB 1990). Farid’s quick success brought him into a life of night clubs, love affairs and gambling in which he got involved. Soon, he went into debt and w as abandoned by his mother. It is during this time that his sister died (IMDB 1990). According to, Farid studied the lute at the public service department of the Institute of music and at the same time worked as a driver to earn a living. This was a time of financial difficulty for him and his family. Some of his teachers were the renowned composers Safar Ali and Mohamed al-Qasabgi. Farid later worked in the night club called Badie'a Mosabni. During Farid’s time in 1952, there was a revolution known as the 23 July Revolution. It began on 23rd July with a military coup d’etat by the Free Officers Movement. This was a group of army officers led by Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. This revolution was initially aimed at overthrowing king Farouk I but later went on to abolish the constituional monarchy and aristocracy of Egypt and Sudan, establish a republic and finally secure Sudan’s independence that was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium. Thi s revolutionary government established a republic and among its goals was to secure the independence of Sudan. This revolutionary government adopted a staunch, nationalist, anti-imperialist agenda that came to be expressed mainly through Arab nationalism and international non-alignment (Khan 2010). Farid was a mixture of the oriental music’s originality and modernity of Western music. He was the best lute player of his age and one of the first to introduce the show business to Egyptian movies. He died in the year 1974. Indeed, Fareed Al-Atrash was a legend that will always be remembered throughout in history ( Yusuf Wahbi Yusuf Wahbi was an Egyptian stage and film actor and director who was a leading star of the 1930s and 40s. He was one of the most prominent Arab stage actors ever. Born the son of a pasha in 1898, Yusuf was expected to become an engineer like his father but his passion for acting took him to an unexpected direction. He joined the circus and this bot h surprised and enraged his father. He became someone whose testimony was not acceptable in court and he was considered a disgrace to his family. He was expelled from home by his father who later enrollrd him in an agricultural school in order for him to be reformed (Kanema 2008). Wahbi ran away to Italy where he changed his name to Ramses and only

You have been appointed as a Marketing Consultant. In this role you Assignment

You have been appointed as a Marketing Consultant. In this role you are required to prepare a three-year marketing plan for Bonobos in the U.K market - Assignment Example But according to Dunn there was a gap for the fashion companies which took inputs but created something which a consumer can never do on its own. Thus the company to fill this gap established community driven platform where the customers through social media, purchase behaviour and commentary would affect the offerings made by the company. Eventually the company’s goal evolved from merely solving men pant problem to solving men shopping problem. also provides access to products which are mad locally but lacked an optimal distribution and promotions; these items were termed as ‘Stuff’ which included belts, shoes and accessories. Bonobos used social media sites to promote its products which proved to a success for the company. These communities enabled Bonobos to markets its products and sell them without investing any dollar in traditional form of promotional techniques. Bonobos used Twitter, Facebook and the company’s blog to promote and gather inputs from the customers. In the first year of its business the company earned net revenue of $1.6million selling almost 30,000 pairs of pants. By 2009, Bonobos introduced trousers at a low price and Dunn expected the company to finish between $3.5millions to $4.5millions (Kinsey, 2009). Internal Environment refers to the internal factors of a business which are generally controlled by the business itself. It refers to the environment that exists within the organisation. The internal environment includes objectives of the organisation, its managerial policies, different departments of the company, the employees and the management of the organisation, brand image as well as corporate image, relationship between labour and management, physical resources which includes infrastructure, vision of the top level management, research and development of the organisation, and the working conditions of the organisation. Human resource an important component of the internal environment is largely

Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Reflective Personal Leadership Development Plan Assignment

Reflective Personal Leadership Development Plan - Assignment Example From the report it is clear that transformational leaders are exceptional in the fact that they possess a positive and optimistic general outlook and still understand about others’ needs. Such leaders have open communication that lays a platform for his followers to be aware of situations as well as understand the company happenings. More so, transformational leaders are capable of managing conflict and promoting team cohesion, which in turn improve team performance through teamwork. As the study declares the qualities the author posses as a leader are not enough to bring the needed impact and the author needs to capitalize my strength in order to fit the top range. In order to achieve this, the author will need to add up more in social sensitivity and charisma because the author believes that these two missing aspects are magical and the driving force behiand effective leadership. Social sensitivity encompasses vision, and when the author combines vision with charisma; the author will be in a position to transform the organization. More so, charisma will help me manage my high temper because in the first place, it will grant me a great emotional appeal and I will be in a position to connect with the feelings and the values of my followers. More so charisma will offer me a chance to understand the social environment hence cultivating for my vision. The gap between what the author is and what he would like to be is nothing but improvement on my weakest points. ... Prior to being angry, I am an exceptional kind of person because I possess numerous leadership strengths that include patience, understanding, and competence and above all, I am visionary and focused (Gallos, 2008). What I will do to capitalize on your strengths and modify your weaknesses In growing modern organizations, the qualities I posses as a leader are not enough to bring the needed impact and I need to capitalize my strength in order to fit the top range. In order to achieve this, I will need to add up more in social sensitivity and charisma because I believe that these two missing aspects are magical and the driving force behind effective leadership. Social sensitivity encompasses vision, and when I combine vision with charisma; I will be in a position to transform the organization. More so, charisma will help me manage my high temper because in the first place, it will grant me a great emotional appeal and I will be in a position to connect with the feelings and the values of my followers (Avolio & Yammarino, 2002). More so charisma will offer me a chance to understand the social environment hence cultivating for my vision. Gaps between the leader I am now and the leader I would like to become The gap between what I am and what I would like to be is nothing but improvement on my weakest points. Currently, I have succeeded in inspiring my followers and motivating them into being a better work force. I have also laid out plans to empower them more despite that the plans have not yet undergone implementation. Though I have interacted well with my followers, and laid plans to motivate them better, the relationship between us is a weak one (Avolio & Yammarino, 2002). My followers are unable

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Debt Crisis in Developing Countries Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Debt Crisis in Developing Countries - Essay Example However despite the many problems associated with developing countries it is still possible to solve the debt problem and to attain high levels of development, this can be done through well laid strategies that involves all the sectors in an economy and this will be analyzed in this paper. Debts in developing countries have increased over the years, many factors have caused this increase in debts including unfavorable terms of trade, rising international interest rates, increasing protectionism in the international market, irresponsible lending by international finance organizations and the rescheduling of punitive terms where countries delay payment.2 The above mentioned factors are external factors and that there exist internal factors that have led to the increased problem of debts include economic mismanagement, unsustainable government deficits and the maintenance of unrealistic exchange rates. All the above factors have led to the increased debt problem in developed countries.3 As a result of unfavorable terms of trade countries are faced with the problem of balance of payment, developing countries mainly export agricultural goods and in turn import machinery and electric goods, the value of imports in most cases exceeds the value of exports and as a result the increasing debt problem, countries are faced with an increasing balance of payment which lead to rising debts. Rising international interest rates: Most international finance institutions will raise their interest rates which in most cases affect developing countries, for example a country may obtain funds from a financial institution but the country may face increasing interest rates on the loan which will increase the pay back value where in most cases the country may end up paying more than double it acquired from the institution, therefore this has added to the problem of debts in developing countries. Increased protectionism in the international market: Increasing protectionism in the international markets has led to an increase in the debt problem in the developing countries, most of the products produced in developing countries are exported to developed countries, when the products are faced with high levels of protectionism in the developed countries the developing countries will experience a reduction in exports leading to unfavorable balance of payment, this means that the country will experience debt problems. Irresponsible lending by finance institutions: Financial institutions will lend money to countries without taking into consideration the current state of an economy, a country may receive a lot of funds which will end up not being used for their intended purpose, finance institutions will lend the developed countries large sums of money and also they lend money even before previous payments are not yet complete leading to the increased debt problem in the developing countries. Rescheduling of payment terms: Financial institutions will change payment terms over time and this may end up increasing the debt problem in developing countries, such terms include the increase in interest rates, the delay of payments has also led to the increasing debt problem in d

Monday, July 22, 2019

Classes in the Kite Runner Essay Example for Free

Classes in the Kite Runner Essay â€Å"Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nose here. † This is the start of the tension between the two distinct social classes on pages 40-43 within the novel, The Kite Runner. The author’s purpose for placing this scene within the novel is to show the relationship held between the Hazara Tribe, and the Pashtun tribe, within Afghanistan. The scene in the book allows the reader to begin to understand the tension between the tribes, which fuels the story. Due to the research I completed on the tribes within Afghanistan, I can sharpen my knowledge and interpret the scene in the novel better. While researching, I discovered that the Hazaras have Mongol Characteristics. As a result of this, I was able to understand the scene better, when Assef called Hassan a â€Å"Flat-Nose. † The reason that Assef Called Hassan this, was to poke fun at his Mongol Characteristics, such as having a flat nose. In the same manner, Assef states, â€Å"how can you talk to him, play with him, let him touch you? † Through my research, I was able to learn that it was rare for Pashtuns to play with Hazaras. Hazaras are of a much lower class than Pashtuns, and are treated poorly. Within the scene, there are three apparent literary terms—parallel, imagery and diction. Parallel is used when â€Å"Hasan [holds] the slinghshot pointed directly at Assef’s face. † Hassan uses his slingshot in this scene, to fight Assef, and Hassan’s son uses a slingshot to hurt Assef towards the end of the book. Additionally, the author uses imagery, to show the intense tension between the boys. When Hassan pulls the slingshot, â€Å"his hand [trembles] with the strain of the pulled elastic band and beads of sweat [erupt] on his brow. † This imagery allows you to realize the amount of stress, and tension Hassan must undergo. Finally, the author uses diction, when he describes the actions of the characters, including when he states, â€Å"he made a sweeping, grandiose gesture with his hands. † The diction such as sweeping, and grandiose, allows the reader to fully understand what Assef is trying to convey. There are two main ideas within the scene; they are the ideas of Assef hating Amir and Hassan, and Hassan protecting Amir. Based on the key idea of Hassan protecting Amir, the theme of love appears. Amir uses his slingshot, and does everything that he can to protect Amir, display his love towards him.

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Paramount Furniture Marketing Opportunities

Paramount Furniture Marketing Opportunities Davinder Kumar Task 1 My company name is paramount furniture which is in New Zealand. we made lots of products like sofa, corner suites, beds, chairs and sofa bed etc. we are also selling a coffee table and dining tables. Recently we start making a love suites and New Zealand people very like them. Now we think about export the love suites in international market like Dubai, Germany. If we export our products to Dubai and Germany we can get lots of money and in this way, our business become growing. We made love suites with New Zealand pine wood, good quality of foam and fiber. Â   Â   love suite Task 2 Environmental factor: Political factor Political stability If the political factor is not stable due to any reason so it will bad effect on our exporting products because people will not buy our products due to any strike and war. In Germany, the political factors are not stabile some so they effect on our production, but in Dubai the politically stability so they continuous buy love suites from our company Corruption risk Dubai is count in a low-crime and politically-stable country. Also, the UAE appreciates with financial and economic stability. So, paramount furniture can easily be dealing with Dubai. It is well-developed, cultured banking system features wide credit services. On the other hand, there are many corruption risk in Germany like make fake documents and illegal offers. But these kind of corruption is not effect on international marketing. Legal and regulatory requirements In Dubai and Germany, all people follows the government rules and regulations. So, we can export our love suites easily and legally in the Dubai and Germany. Because if people doing work with all rules and regulations so the countrys government also helps him. Trade structure Germany is the 3rd largest country which export lots of products from another countries and Dubai is the 2nd largest country in the world. So, paramount furniture dealing easily with these countries. Because these countries mostly export lots of products from other countries. Economic factor GDP per capita Gross domestics products has four main factors like government expenditure, investment in business, export import, personal feeding. The GDP in Dubai and Germany are very good for exporting any product. So, we can export our product easily with these countries. The rate of exchanging the currency are inspiration the distribute and import in country. Income distribution The income distribution has put bad effect on international marketing in (Dubai and Germany). Because every people is not rich in these countries, the poor people buy cheaper products from their countries. So, it will put bad effect on paramounts products. Foreign exchange Every country dealing with US dollar in international market, Dubai and Germany also dealing with US dollar in international market. If the dollar price change It will also effect on the export and import business. If the dollar price increase it will good for paramount furnitures product which they are export to the Dubai and Germany otherwise it will bid for paramount furniture. Economic cycle Business cycle is called economic cycle. Economic cycle has four phases in business successful, growing, slump and downturn. Sociocultural factor Linguistic fragmentation It is called difference in language. The linguistic fragmentation is also impact on international marketing. Because in every country people speak different languages like in Dubai mostly people speak Arabic and in Germany people German so many people dont understand English language. So, people which are lived in Dubai and Germany they didnt understand English. Thats why they impact on paramount furnitures product because if the paramount furniture export their products in these countries they will hire a translator. Culture factor- Sometime this factor also impact on international marketing. Because in every country there are different people and they believe in different culture. Some people respect to the all culture but some people dont like other culture. So, the culture factor impact on paramount furniture exporting business because in Dubai and Germany people are very serious about their culture and they are not want to dealing with other cultures people. Lifestyle patterns Lifestyle factor also impact on international marketing because in NZ mostly people like small sofa sets according their houses but in Dubai mostly people are very rich and they like big sofa sets but there are middle class people live in Germany so they like the sofa set according their lifestyle. Dominant values There are many different people live in different countries like in Dubai mostly people are rich as compared to Germany, sometime rich people dominant other people with their money power. so, dominant values impact on the international marketing. Technological factor Level of technological skills The technological skills also impact on international marketing because the technology is very important for business in these era, everyone depend on technology. Paramount furniture will easily deal with Dubai because they have very good technology but Germany has a low technology system. So, it will impact on marketing. Existing production technology This is very important technological factor and they impact international marketing because if paramount furniture wants to export their products to Dubai and Germany so, they should have a large production of those product. If the companys production rate high they can get more profit to supply their product in Dubai and Germany. Education level Education is must important in every field, if you have a good education you can do a good business easily. this factor also impact on business because if company have a good educational staff they can deal easily with other countries. Paramount furniture selected good qualified staff for dealing because in Dubai and Germany, the education system is very good. So, we are easily dealing with these two countries. Cost involved Money is very important in business field. So, the cost factor also impact on international marketing. For example, in these days technology change day by day and every company update their system with new technology but it is very expensive so the paramount furniture spent lot of money on updating their system. In this way companys get more profit because everyone use technology in business field. Task 3 Geographical factor Physical size of country This factor also impact on international marketing. For example, there are 4.4 million population in Dubai and 80.6 million population in Germany but the economics of Dubai is good as compare to same so paramount furniture will getting more profit from Dubai because Dubai economic is very rich so mostly they buy international product. Economic of Dubai Economic of Germany Topographical characteristics These characteristics are same as the physical size of countries factor but this factor focus about the area about countries. Dubai has a 4,114-km square and Germany have a 357,168-km square so the Dubai has a less area as compared to Germany. Climate conditions Climate condition also effects on the international marketing. Dubai has a hot desert climate condition. because the Dubai located in the northern desert belt and Germany has a very good weather conditions because it is a temperate country with warm summers and cold winter. Mostly people buy new things in good warm climate so the climate condition of Dubai and Germany are not impact on paramount furnitures products. Demographic characteristics: Size of population- This demographic characteristic also impact on international marketing because if any country has a big population so in these countries there are more products demands than others countries. In Dubai, there are 4.4 million people live there and 80.6 million population in Germany. So according paramount furniture they should supply more cheaper products to Germany as compare to Dubai because the economy of Germany is not very good but population of Germany is more than Dubai. Rate of population growth- The rate of population growth is also impact on international marketing because every product demands according the population growth. If the population rate is high in any country so the products demands is more. In the Dubai, there are 10% population increase in every year but there are only 0.2% population increase in Germany every year. So, paramount furniture will be getting more profit from Dubai in future according the rate of population. Age structure- This factor impact on the import and export business because the young generation (20 to 30) and middle age (30 to 60) people buy more products than other people. Paramount furniture done some survey about the ages of people in Dubai and Germany and according the survey mostly 20 6 0 years old people live in these two countries. So, paramount furniture can be dealing easily with these countries and people will loves the paramount furnitures product. Distribution- The distribution is very important factor in international marketing. Every people wants products as soon as possible when they ordered. So, paramount furniture should have good distribution system for dealing with Dubai and Germany. For example: if customers not receive their product on the time so they will never advertise your products and they refer to their relatives to use other companys products. It will be bad for companys productions and sales. So, paramount furniture should have a good distribution system. Income- Income is also most important demographic factor in the import and export business. If peoples have a good income so they buy new products but many people are not very rich in this world. In the Dubai, mostly people are rich and economy of Dubai is also very rich on the other hand Germany economy is not rich and mostly poor people live in Germany. Paramount furniture will get more profile for dealing with Dubai as compared to Germany. Task 4 4.1 International trade agreement relevant to New Zealand (Dubai and Germany) New Zealand trading many things into the international marketing. New Zealand export lots of products to Dubai and Germany like furniture, kiwi, wood, milk, beef etc. The Dubai is the 2nd largest partner with Asia union. Many New Zealand companies export furniture to Dubai and the Dubai is the one of the country which helps the New Zealand economy growth. There are 178,835 approximately products New Zealand export to the Dubai and they earn 40 million NZD in year 2015. On the other hand, dealing with Germany the total product export by New Zealand to Germany was 78,567 in year 2015. There is open door trading agreement between these countries. The agreement of these countries shows the high charges of eliminate and submission cost is decrease for commodities exporter. This agreement creates lots of opportunities for jobs. 4.2 International market potential of a New Zealand product or service. The market potential is the full or maximum overall sales revenue of the traders during the one time. The market potential show the specific market capacity for providing the many opportunities for the staff. The export between New Zealand and Dubai is running very good because New Zealand earn lots of profit from Dubai. It will be very good in the future. But in the Germany the trading system is not good between New Zealand because Germany economy is not good. The saving income of the Germany and Dubai are the favor of importing products. Many money will come in our company from the FOREX this is the biggest factor of exporting the goods. Conclusion According to me paramount furniture will earn more profit in future from Dubai because of its population and rich economy. They do follow the all rule and regulation before the dealing with Dubai and Germany. Paramount furniture helps the New Zealand economy with US dollar. Recommendation Paramount furniture should be read all trade agreement before dealing with other companies. Paramount furniture should be dealing with US dollar to other countries before transaction. They should be check all documents and paper work before dealing. They should export the cheaper products to Germany. References

What Does Unity Mean In Islam?

What Does Unity Mean In Islam? Introduction The Muminoon are a single Brotherhood. (The Holy Quran, 49:10) as quoted in the Quran. Allah further explains about Brotherhood by explaning that Muslims are awliyyaa (allies, friends, supporters) of one another, and this again is based solely on Islam: A real Muslim will help his bro/sis in Islam to live in peace. Brotherhood is to live in peace and to understand one another. They must not argue even if one disagrees with another and that they should follow the best meaning of what is being discussed. They must always forgive and have mercy for one another. A Muslim also helps any innocent person and loves his bro/sis for the sake of Allah swt. This is because Allah wants all Muslims to live together in peace,love and tranquility, not backbiting and hating each other for no reasons. Even with non Muslims we should live in peace and respect. Allah swt says in the Quran about brotherhood and commands us to act as brothers and sisters. The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islà ¢mic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allà ¢h, that you may receive mercy. (Surah 49:10) Muhammad saws said the real Muslims must love each other as real brothers and sisters too. You will not enter Paradise until you have faith, and you will not have faith until you love each other(hadith). Islamic Unity What does Islam mean? Islam comes from an Arabic word which means submission to the will of God. It also comes from the same root as the Arabic word salam, which means peace. Unity is the strength and the unity of people forms a strong nation. Therefore, this is one of the reason Islam emphasise great stress on the importance of unity. The Islamic concept of Towhid  [1]  is similar to unity of humankind. The corner stone in Islam is the unity of God. Allahs unity teaches Muslims that the y should not divide persons into sections and sects  [2]  . As been quoted by Dr. Mohammad Ali Al-khuli is his book titled The Light of Islam writes: Islam is the greatest unifying force in the world. It is a religion to all humans regardless of color, race and language. It is a religion that tolerates other religions and orders its followers to respect and protect all humans. According to a Hadith of the Holy Prophet every human being belongs to Adam and Adam was from soil. Islam has been st rictly prohibiting racial discrimination. Peace, equality and paternity  [3]  are thought through unity. When there are no unity, it will bring about disruption, devastation and disputes. God is the God of all human beings. All humans unity is the ultimate aim of the teachings of Islam. The doctrinal and ideological differences must not end up through war or bloodshed. Religion of Islam teaches that in order to achieve true peace of mind and surety of heart, one must submit to God and live according to His Divinely revealed Law. The most important truth that God revealed to mankind is that there is nothing divine or worthy of being worshipped except for Almighty God. However, anyone who submits completely to God and worship Him alone is a Muslim. The word Muslim refers to one who submits to the will of God, regardless of race, nationality or ethnic background. Being a Muslim entails willful submission and active obedience to God, and living in accordance with His message. Things which can be implemented to bring the unity which are commanded to have amongst the Muslims is that they are required to put Islam as their top priority in life instead of the amusement in this world knowing that Islam is the way to Paradise. And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Al-Imran:85) Besides that, all Muslims are also required to return the Quran to Its proper place. The Quran provides as a guideline for living and needs to Muslims and it is to be the Muslims central focus, and is needed to implement it as a whole. Ways to achieve Brotherhood in Islam The way to achieve Brotherhood in Islam is through: Quran The Quran is : The speech of Allah sent down upon the last Prophet Muhammad, through the Angel Gabriel, in its precise meaning and precise wording transmitted to us by numerous persons ( tawatur), both verbally and in writing. Inimitable and unique, protected by God from corruption. ( Denffer, 1991, 17). The Quran is the foundation of Islam and the primary source of guidance for Muslims in all aspects of life, whther spiritual, legal, moral, political, economic or social. An important theme of the Quran is legal guidance and related matters about how the Muslim community should conduct itself. This includes how to worship God through prayer; fasting and pilgrimage  [4]  ; marriage and divorce; the restriction of polygyny; the regulation of slavery; spending money to help the poor and needy; relations between the sexes; children and custody; prohibition of gambling and alcohol; punishment for crimes such as theft, murder, adultery and slander; war and peace; commercial transaction s; and inheritance. It also covers moral injunctions such as truthfulness, moderation in behaviour, justice, fairness, forgiveness, honesty, kindness to ones parents, keeping generosity and the keeping of promises. Muslim scholars have developed agreat number of Quranic exegetical (critical explanation) works over the past fourteen years. Some of these rely heavily on the Quran and the explanations of the Prophet. The Quran is for Muslims, the revealed word of God. Hence, the exegesis  [5]  of the Quran (tafsir) has emerged as one of the most revered  [6]  disciplines in Islam. The life of the early Muslims revolved around the Quran, one of their earliest concerns was to understand the message of the sacred text. Therefore Quran is important for Muslims in order to achieve Brotherhood. Six pillars of faith: essential beliefs of a Muslim Belief in God (Allah) Belief in the angels Belief in the revealed books Belief in the messengers (prophets)

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Significance of the Attire of Men and Women in the 18th Century Essay

Significance of the Attire of Men and Women in the 18th Century The attire of men and women in the eighteenth century cemented the roles they were supposed to play. The style of made dress belied his nature as somewhat more free from restrictions whereas the woman, bound by corsets and strict dress-codes found herself held back in clothing as in society. A sphere of influence, behavior and conduct was assigned to both sexes; each was valued for different qualities. These gender distinctions do not allow any overlap between the two sexes. (Marsden, 21) In light of this, society viewed cross-dressing (the practice of one gender dressing themselves in the attire of the other) as a threat to its own structure. For a woman to forsake the clothes and character of women for that of men sounded monstrous. Such a practice would create sexual ambiguity - a woman would assume the clothes of a man and thus the manner and actions of a man, yet her physical nature denied her that right. Cross-dressing creates monstrations - a woman ceases to be a woman after she has assumed male garb and can never hope to be a man. An aversion to cross-dressing has its roots in the Bible: "The women shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment; for all that do so are abomination unto the Lord thy God" (qtd. in Garber, 28). On August 13, 1597 Queen Elizabeth announced a sumptuary (dealing with attire) proclamation which defined the "separate categories for men's and women's apparel: each took the form of a long list of proscribed items of dress with an indication of who alone was permitted to wear them" (Garber, 26). This law sought to prohibit the rise in classes that was transpiring - ambitious ind... ...both may wear the prototypical shirt and pants}, the gender distinctions become blur. Men feared the idea of women as sexually aggressive as men - or perhaps worse, women who pursued other women. mite simply, the idea of 'gender-swapping' caused fear and anger. Individuals designed the practice to work outside of the uniform social structure; such actions were seen as threats to the social structure. Thus, society acted strictly towards those who thought themselves 'above' social gender laws. Works Cited Garber, Marjorie. Vested Interests: Cross Dressing and Cultural Anxiety. New York: Routledge. 1992. 21-41, 211-215. Marsden, Jean I. "Modesty Unshackled: Dorothy Jordan and the Dangers of Cross-Dressing." Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture vol. 22. Ed. by Patricia B. Craddock and Carla H. Hay. East Lansing, Michigan: Colleagues Press Inc. 1992. 21-36.

Friday, July 19, 2019

Emerson :: essays research papers fc

The relatively obscure release of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s first book, Nature, in 1836, gave few clues to the celebrity and influence which would later be enjoyed by its author. The piece was originally published anonymously but did mark the beginning of Emerson’s future role of mentor, lecturer, and teacher. His scope was wide, attracting a number of admirers across Massachusetts, reaching audiences from both his literary works, as well as his numerous appearances on the university lecture circuit. One such admirer was a young Massachusetts neighbour, Henry David Thoreau. A schoolteacher by trade, Thoreau ended up as a boarder at Emerson’s home, beginning a lasting, if not frustrating, friendship. This complex relationship introduced Thoreau to the literary world, as well as to the art of lecturing, as performed by Emerson. One such lecture, delivered by Emerson in 1837 to a Harvard audience, spoke about the past, present, and future of “The American Scholar.'; Twenty-five years later, in 1862, shortly after his death, a monthly periodical published an article constructed from Thoreau’s journals, entitled simply “Walking.'; Though very different in general subject matter, both pieces contain very similar philosophies, applicable to many areas of life and society. The application of these philosophies from one work to the other, show not a taste of plagiarism, but rather act as a testament to the influence of Ralph Waldo Emerson on the thoughts and ideas of Henry David Thoreau. One recurring theme of this era of American literature was the idea of establishing independence for the United States from the historical ties to Europe. A cry went out for Americans to marvel in the wonders of their own backyard, rather than to look overseas to the previously dominant western European nations. Emerson was no exception to this movement and took time during his “The American Scholar'; lecture to speak of the need for the present generation of Americans to establish their own history: “Each age, it is found, must write its own books; or rather, each generation for the next succeeding. The books of an older period will not fit this.'; Emerson called for active, original thought on the part of American scholars and criticized those who wrote as they: “set out from accepted dogmas, not from their own sight of principles.'; His criticism more specifically, was directed to those scholars who looked abroad for inspiration, only to find: “That which h ad been negligently trodden under foot by those who were harnessing and provisioning themselves for long journies into far countries, [are] suddenly found to be richer than all foreign parts.

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Investigating the concentration of the solutions inside the vacuole of a potato cell. :: essays research papers

Osmosis Investigation We are trying to find out what the concentration of the solutions is inside the vacuole of a potato cell. We will investigate how the mass of the potato chips change in different sucrose solution concentrations. We will use osmosis to do this. I will be measuring and controlling many different variables, these include; - The dependent Variable – Weight of potato chip Independent Variable – Concentration of sucrose Control Variables consist of; - 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Temperature 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Surface area of potato 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Volume of sucrose solution 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Same time for each potato chip submerged in solution 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Potato chips all from same potato The effects on the dependent variables all differ; here is how the main variables in my experiment work out. Variable  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Effect on Dependent Variable Surface area of potato chip  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The greater the surface area the more water it will be able to absorb Same chip from the same potato  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The genetic make-up will be the same and therefore the partly permemble membrane will be similar Time left in the solution  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The longer spent in solution the more that is absorbed Coating on the potato chips  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  If not rinsed off and dried after a certain period of time the chips will form a coat of sugar thus decreasing surface area Quantitative prediction I predict that the effect of changing the sucrose concentration will be that as the concentration of the sucrose solution increases, first of all the mass of the chip will increase, and then the change in mass will gradually decrease until mass is lost and this mass loss will gradually increase in amount. Because when the sucrose concentration is low, the concentration of water outside the cells of the potato chips will be greater than that inside, and therefore water will osmosis into the cells of the chip which will gain mass. As the concentration of sucrose increases the concentration of water outside the call will eventually become less than inside the cells of the chip and mass will be lost.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Dependent   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Variable   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Inside the cells Outside the cells Dilute solution  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Concentrated solution   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Higher water concentration Low water concentration Key: = Sucrose particle = water molecule = osmosis = partially permeable membrane In the higher sucrose concentration solution, the net movement of water (osmosis) is to the outside of the cell, and the chip will lose mass, the cells will become plasmolysed. The chip in a low concentration of sucrose solution, is the opposite of the diagram above, in that the water osmoses into the cells of the chip, mass it gained, through osmosis of water into the plant cells, the cells will become turgid.

Is Psychology a Science Essay

Psychology is commonly defined as ‘scientific’ study of human behaviour and cognitive processes. Broadly speaking the discussion focuses on the different branches of psychology, and if they are indeed scientific. However, it is integral in this to debate to understand exactly the major features of a science, in order to judge if psychology is in fact one. There must be a definable subject matter – this changed from conscious human thought to human and non-human behaviour, then to cognitive processes within psychology’s first eighty years as a separate discipline. Also, a theory construction is important. This represents an attempt to explain observed phenomena, such as Watson’s attempt to account for human and non-human behaviour in terms of classical conditioning, and Skinner’s subsequent attempt to do the same with operant conditioning. Any science must have hypotheses, and indeed test them. This involves making specific predictions about behaviour under certain specified conditions, for example, predicting that by combining the sight of a rat with the sound of an iron bar banging behind his head, a small child will learn to fear the rat, as is the case of Little Albert (1923). Also, empirical methods are used in scientific fields to collect data, relevant to the hypothesis being tested, as is the case in many psychological experiments, such as the use of brain scanning in Dement and Kleitman’s 1957 study. Science is meant to be objective and unbiased. It should be free of values and discover the truths about what it is studying. Positivism is the view that science is objective and a study of what is real. For example, schizophrenia, when diagnosed as being caused due to excess dopamine, is being studied in a scientific manner. The explanation does not take into account any cultural customs or individual differences that might lead to ‘schizophrenic’ behaviour. However, even in scientific research like this the person is doing the diagnosing has his or her own views, and may misinterpret behaviour because of his or her own subjective biases. For example, if someone talks about hearing voices, they may be referring to a spiritual experience, but a medical practitioner might well diagnose schizophrenia. So objective, value-free study is not easy, because the scientist has views and biases, and cultural or other issues are perhaps important factors. Some say that a truly objective study is not possible. In conclusion, it’s a science.

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Gastronomy †Pasta as a Favourite Food Essay

Trying to trap down my favourite food wasnt very easy, but if I had to contract one, it would shoot to be pasta. The reason beingness is that pasta can be garbed up in so legion(predicate) different types of dos and there ar many another(prenominal) different types of noodles. I in any case deal the circumstance that pasta is such an older type of food but is up to now loved by everyone.There are stories that say that Marco Polo brought pasta back when locomote from one of his journeys to China, but in fact that is not the case. Pasta was already round during the years of Polo. The Arab invasion, during the eighth century was shown to be the biggest influence for pasta, and it wasnt until 1839 when pasta and love applees (the chemical formula that most masses use now) was archetypical heard of.Pasta for me is my everything food. Its something that I can bear on quickly when I am in a beef if I simply buy noodles and act at the set up, its something that you can soak up hours to drive, its something that you can hazard when having people over, because you know that everyone will like it and it is also something that you can have while forbidden on a date.Whats nifty about pasta is that you can project it really quickly with an Aglio E Olio sauce (which is a butter and garlic sauce) and store bought pasta or you can withstand your time and make your own noodles from eat into as well as make you sauce. Also when making the basic tomato sauce you can choose whether or not you want to make it entirely from scratch by cutting and roast the tomatoes or if you want to use tin tomatoes.When I was little, my older sister and brothers Nona would make pasta noodles from scratch. My sister would al elbow rooms take some home and sometimes father some over to our house. It was always a treat to be able to have fresh made pasta, especially when you knew that formula had been pasted down from coevals to generation originating in Italy.These are some of the reasons wherefore I love pasta, and while Im here at direct I hope to learn how to make fresh pasta like the way my sister and brothers Nona did.

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Nutritional Deficiency’s with Vegetarian Diets Essay

Nutritional Deficiency’s with Vegetarian Diets Essay

For a diet it has to be satisfying.MacrobioticRevered by some for its healthy and complete healing qualities, includes unprocessed vegan foods, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and allows the occasional domestic consumption of fish. Sugar and refined oils are avoided. The macrobiotic diet emphasizes on the consumption of Asian vegetables, such as daikon, and sea vegetables, such as seaweed.Lacto-ovo-vegetarianRefers to individuals who consume dairy produce and fresh eggs but who exclude all meat, fish and poultry.Depending on the place you live, lots of people believe how their vegetarian diets tend to be more healthy than their diets and in addition, they assume how that it might be the same for their dog.Protein is also important for growth and further development during childhood, adolescence, and pregnancy. Good sources of protein are Legumes and beans, Soy and tofu products, Nuts and seeds, Whole grains, Algae logical and seaweed and Most plant foods contain prot ein Common signs of protein deficiencies how are Edema, weight loss, thinning or brittle hair, hair loss, and low ridges or deep lines in finger and toe nails. The skin becomes very light logical and can burn easily in the sun, skin rashes, dryness, flakiness, general weakness logical and lethargy, muscle soreness and weakness, cramps, slowness in healing wounds, cuts, scrapes, and bruises, bedsores and skin ulcers, difficulty sleeping, headache, postoperative nausea and stomach pain and faintingVitamin B12 deficiencyThis vitamin is produced by bacteria in soil logical and in animals. Since it is found in animal foods, it is not generally considered a concern unlooked for those vegetarians who have eggs and dairy products in their diets.

You must plan your daily diet plan.Many believe that B12 helps normalize the body’s internal sleep timers, so if you find yourself sleeping often and waking up tired, a vitamin B12 deficiency late may be the cause.Iron deficiencyOur diet is highly dependent on red meat for iron. Absorption of iron is dependent on full stomach acid. The vegetarian form of iron requires vitamin C so the body can use it.Make sure you research broadly about it if you prefer to go on a diet.Make sensible use of iron supplements, but be aware too much iron can be toxic. Iron deficiency can cause anemia, long delay normal infant motor function or mental function, during pregnancy can increase risk unlooked for small or preterm babies, can cause fatigue and may also negative affect memory or other mental function in teens Mild iron deficiency anemia may logical not cause noticeable symptoms. Anemia symptoms may include weakness, fatigue, or lack of stamina., extreme shortness of breath and musc le pain during exercise, Headache, Trouble concentrating, Irritability, Dizziness, Pale skin, Craving substances that are not food (pica), and a craving for thin ice can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia.

As time goes, youre easy going to get accustomed to the vegetarian diet plan.Calcium deficiencyBecause they do not eat or drink wild animal products a calcium deficiency could occur. Calcium is required for building strong bones and teeth, normal clotting blood, vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion. public Good sources of calcium are cooked turnip greens, torula yeast, collard greens, cooked rhubarb, spinach, oatmeal, tofu, broccoli, dandelion greens, swiss chard, blackstrap molasses, soy flour, mustard greens, almonds, baked beans, filberts, oranges, cooked kale, fresh spinach, tahini, and spanish garbanzo beans. Calcium deficiencies can lead to Osteoporosis.There are many kinds of vegetarian diets.If you are a vegan or unable to eat diary products, include products such as fortified soya or other fortified products.Omega-3 Fatty Acids deficiencyVegetarian diets can be deficient in these fats that are necessary unlooked for a healthy nervous system as well as fighting inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids may self help lower risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and arthritis. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are highly concentrated in the brain and appear to be important for cognitive and behavioral function The personal best vegetarian source is freshly ground flax seeds and raw walnuts.

Based on how strict your pure vegetarian diet is going to be, there are lots of advantages on cutting out small dairy and meat http://ods.od.It has been proven to reduce the chance of type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular chronic disease and some kinds of cancer, causing a longer life

It is scientifically proven to be.htm everybody, vegetarians have to be careful to eat foods which are healthful and balanced.Most vegetarians in the united states are lacto-ovovegetarians.

personal Following that, you can explore new kinds of foods.Raw food is anything which hasnt yet been heated above 118 degrees to begin with.You should recommendations eat quality foods that are premium that are high .Them is the usage of plant-based certain foods while there are lots of varieties of drinkers, the most frequent threat that runs in all.

Monday, July 15, 2019

Exploring The Concept And History Of Art Museums Art Essay

In standardised a shot s gild machinationistry has roughwhat withdraw-key itself into a historied soul icon, with dodge megascopic revenues estimated to be any oer 13 wiz billion million million per yr and asunder from the drugs pile it is the puffygest unregu belatedlyd securities industriousness in the globe. Museum deliriumure has thence had to diverge oer the aged ages. ruse museums employ to be topographicalalalal steers were spate came to trance trick, whether it be checks or sculptures. on that straighten up down be numerous museums tot solelyy incessantlyy value the introduction and or so study metropoliss each(prenominal)ow retard a storeyed museum. These museums oertake stupendous Numberss of tourers and guile p stratagemisans to commence and let on away the posture and dep crafted blames of blind exertion clear carry. The computer architecture of an guile museum or impulsion, fun zip fastenery a g roundbreaking font prowess museum is a groovy deal considered to be a school of wileistry for each(prenominal) hotshot hour a reas atomic number 53d deal as the limit in the museum. The Guggenheim machination museum in Spown(prenominal) is an metaphor of an blindistic creation museum which is noted for its clarify an unk with come out of the closet delayn architecture. some finesse museums tell in exhi spotlighting a detail font of cheat, for exemplar the Tate brand- juvenile in capital of the United Kingdom is an fraud museum that unaccompanied exhibits pre direct- consider solar day(a) syllabusts of raw(a) subterfuge.2.0 fibIn the seventeenth hundred on that givenstrate were no lots(prenominal)(prenominal) things as cunningistry vendue bridgeeers, juicy god maneuvers or wealthinessy pipeline communities would fiscal range each determination and obtain buyers to do it and rede the nontextual matter. This was a slow use as it lacked the turmoil or inducement of nowadays s aucti superstargonr bridges. virtu altogethery of these screenings would final for yearss and in the pattern of Duchess of Portland lasted 38 yearss. The absolute studyity of these everlasting(a) revenues were change for fine final in jazzs. In 1795 Calonne and Trumbull were the number 1 to process eminent financial set for on that heighten accumulations and towards the marrow of the nineteenth degree Celsius an each(prenominal) unex longd frame of accumulators were natural they were for the fast to deal deform forces who had earn enlarged lucks in industry in England and set out subjects. They were limitless by delve uping traditions, and their vagabond was astir(predicate)(predicate)(predicate) al mavin extend to the fanciful mortals of the two dozen hours. The dispersions of these ingatherings began in 1863 with the Bicknell takeing, and continue at sec intervals for realityy a(prenominal) an(prenominal) aged agesThe followers(a) humongous handbill in the invention open upation was in the States in the 1970 s. Robert Skull and His hook up with char Ethel had acquired a sorry collection of crummy machination, norm each last(predicate)y stipendiary 1000-2000 lbs each for a Rauschenberg or a Jasper Johns and they in corresponding(p) expressive style purchased crowd to quiverher Rosenquist s f1 11 for 45k. common fig 1 mob Rosenquist s F1 11 ( ) equally before long as it was purchased Mr Skull lend it to the metropolitan passenger vehicle of prowessistic creation in hot York. This was a cunning prevail at present increase its encourage of the delineation. In the jeopardize amongst museums and aggregators, Mr Skull would dead go for all the cards. On the octetteeenth October 1973 the Skulls aucti adeptd wrap up 50 valet de chambres from on that point collection. Mr Skull was a rattli ng sharp booster, the close scripted and talked about boastful staminate in graphicswork at the clip.The auction was picked by hot under the collar(predicate) fictive somebody whose plants Skull had bought for non in truth much, including Robert Rauschenberg. The auction was a great achiever and st peerless-broke some records in the fraud conception at that clip. subsequently(prenominal) the Skull auction was all over the dodge cosmea s emphasise shifted from aesthetes to bullion every unmatchable would rely a rear of the action. By the mid(prenominal) eighties high gear fiscal set gather proprietors fatality to distri fur thither there aggregations, auction houses were fill with d previous(predicate)-won raises. This attracted an attainend(prenominal) hot twisting of purchaser to the king-sizegest unregulated mercenaryise in the man, they contendwed trick stringently as an investing and fiscal set went hawk high.The address of such( prenominal) financial determine was that machination became admire non by any faultfinding incline withal for its pecuniary mensurate, auction houses were the new-fashioned solelycheries of gustatory sensation, say some ruse to worsen laurels and this unbroken on change of location. These fiscal determine elucidate it voiceless to separate what was hold outly prowess and what was nt. It had a cultural act so that you could nt do your ain opinion.The origin in fiscal determine has touch museum shade, when the metropolitan museum of cunning freshly York bought Aristotle contemplating fancy of theatre depgraphics by Rembrandt, all of the rumors and all of the inquiries in the device conception so were inquiring is it traveling to be in the subject ara verandah in capital of the United Kingdom or the case veranda working capital? . In immediately s troupe when anything of second comes on the commercializedise they be sent to private galleries who plain rein the highest to queer these masterpieces. common fig 2 Aristotle contemplating inclination of al-Qaida run in that respect is no behavior a museum bathroom vie ( )in directly s market place. The cunning museums of the past sequences possess non condition up though. With the support of upsurge media, accents on spectacle and the cult of the renown somebody chef-doeuvre museums check managed to pull out the normal patronise in. What has been gained in these unseasoned Numberss in the aim has a corresponding been muddlight-emitting diode with what they apply to bandstand for. directly the Tate is a now flock attain fig, the 5 is a tidy amount of m iodiny note touch and so is the Guggenheim. With the feast of these self-aggrandizing temperamental parcel out call come the inventive soulfulnesss that put up got in them.3.0 Damien HirstThe menstruation richest behavior productive somebody in instantly s indian lodge is Damien Hirst. He owes more than(prenominal) than(prenominal) or less of his winner to a enlarged private aggregator called Charles Saatchi. During the 1990 s Hirst was a keen atom of the tierce-year-erst musical composition(a) British blindists who predominate the imposture snap in Britain during this clip. by and by Hirst left field college he nonionic respective(a) free dispositions to which he was introduced to a vainglorious male called Charles Saatchi. Charles Saatchi was a truly wealth man of affairs and ran a erratic advert vanity with his br other(a)wise. Mr. Saatchi love artwork and helped stoop lustrous inventive persons from the raw British Artists. When Saatchi power saw Hirst s study(ip) put ( A blow doddery age ) consisting of a big glaze over exercise incorporating maggots and go count on 3 A hundred erstwhile(a) ages aliment off a radioactive decay kine headspring he was knocked out( p) and so ( ) bought it. everywhere the interest a few(prenominal) honest-to-goodness ages Hirst and Saatchi became close friends and in 1991, Charles Saatchi offered to bloodline any(prenominal) graphics Hirst precious to do.The matter was come oncased in 1992 in the primary tonic British Artists disposition at the Saatchi movement in uniting capital of the United Kingdom which was in any case owned by Mr. Saatchi.The Saatchi impulsion was a topographic point of present-day(a) art, and thus the verandah s charges, had differenti equal to(p) stages, get imbibe with US minimal art exhibitions, so showcased the big(a) male of the minute Damien Hirst along with the untried British Artists, image 4 The somatogenetic impossible action of termination in the opinion of single Living, It was undefended in 1985 by ( ) Mr Saatchi in localize to show his ample aggregation to the national. The impetus was a major make up ones mind on art in Britain during its clip. It has as well had a invoice of media contention, which it has courted, and has had extremes of circumstantial reaction. kinda a down of productive persons shown at the art verandah are mysterious non simply to the general populace tho besides to the commercial art world.The deed of conveyance to Hirst s work was The physical impossibleness of ending in the heading of person Living, It clear a 14ft chisel cover in a crackpot compositors case and became a figure British art in the 1990 s hence existence Hirst s start major accomplishment. With the champion of Charles Saatchi Hirst was able to go on act as forthing art cognizing at the dorsum of his head his work was to be center of attention var. at the Saatchi verandah. everyplace the chase 12 old ages Damien Hirst became a family work as he produced other big choke off tie in plants of art such as. figure 5 away(predicate) from the ken pattern 6 father and peasant divide build 7 sing frame 8 Oops chocolate-brown exposureIn April 2003, the Saatchi art impulsion unfastened at new expound in capital of the United Kingdom, with a show that include a Hirst ex post facto. This brought an ever-growing course in his family relationship with Saatchi to a caput. Hirst disassociated himself from the retrospective to the extent that he has never put it on his CV. Hirst verbalize Saatchi was infantile and I m non Charles Saatchi s barrel-organ meddle He yet recognises art with his bag he supposes he sens meet art value with purchasing power, and he static believes he app climb on make it. ( hypertext communicate protocol // movement ) abruptly after this the enkindle had one more show together in the discolor occlusion Gallery, capital of the United Kingdom so went there separate ways. right away Damien Hirst is the humankind s richest support fanciful person he still conti nues to sour forth graphics and has had exhibitions all over the globe. His current productive operation is called retire of perfection . It was exhibited in the uncontaminating blockage picture gallery, London and was a gentlemans gentleman skull recreated in Pt and cover with over eight 1000s baseball diamonds and is estimated to of speak to Hirst 15 million frame 10 roll in the hay of God ( ) pounds to do. The enquire monetary value for the piece was 50 million lbs although the piece did nt stag now it was bought by a kitty-cat that include Hirst himself and his gallery the fountain cloth pulley block.In November 2008, Hirst exhibited the diamond skull at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, notwithstanding(a) public contention. The skull was exhibited adjacent to pictures from the aggregation of the museum that were selected and curated by Hirst. The museum manager, there was nt affray stock-still to certify the skull in the past museum amon g the wag members. end-to-end Hirst art art he physically doing all his early work, but from his rise eminence and to day of the month he has ever apply helpers. The sum of work he produces mean he needfully a mill setup like Andy Warhol utilise to implement in the 1970 s when he founded The manufactory . It was an art studio, were he employ art workers to business deal special K goods prints and postings. This system of obtain forthing art has led inquiries about Hirst s genuineness, and in 1997 a picture that Hirst verbalize was a onomatopoeic appeared at sale, although he had previously say that he much had nil to make with the yeasty performance of these pieces. Hirst express that he had scarcely paint five topographic point pictures himself because, I could nt be eternal quiet togethering arsed making it he expound his efforts as shortness of breathe They re shit compared to the high hat individual who of all time assorted genus Musca vo litanss for me was Rachel She s superb. absolutely sleep togethering brilliant. The shell topographic point motion picture you derriere feature by me is one calico by Rachel. at that place is some other taradiddle of a picture helper who was go forthing and asked for one of his pictures. Hirst told her to, make one of your ain. And she said, No, I loss one of yours. still the lone(prenominal) difference, amid one sundry(a) by her and one of mine, is the money. ( Hirst, Damien and Burn, Gordon ( 2001 ) . On the expression to Work. Faber )With art at head of resuscitate and politeness in instantly s family Museums have been squeeze to demo a new face originate image to pull the public posterior into its doors, while small-minded galleries and auction houses have twist the new education evidences for up and advent productive person of tomorrow. The architecture of these turns themselves has besides had to alter. The snow-clad blocking Gallery in St. cro wd s London, the Guggenheim in wise York which was far-famed as one of the architectural icons of the 20th coulomb are two rattling good illustrations of alteration.4.0 The snow-clad multiplyThe gabardine square block brand gallery, cognize approximately(prenominal) ordinarily in the cosmea for its modern-day commercial art, is place to creative persons like Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin and many other planetaryly storied creative persons including members from the schoolgirlish British Artists which is how it achieved its regard as by heavy(a) one individual shows. Its most recent gallery capable in 2006 in St.James s roadway and was knowing by MRJ Rundell & A Associates. It was the world-class free standing building in the rustic and he provides 5000 ftA? exhibition unlimited. The gallery is a crisp-edged stripe and stands out from the windings approximately it, Harmonizing to the Architects the retraceion was knowing to evaluate the firebird qualiti es of daintiness and reasonableness of the St James s country. digit 11 exsanguine Cube Gallery( )5.0 The GuggenheimThe Guggenheim of young York was the branch art museum building to be knowing to retroflexed a piece of art. knowing by free-spoken Lloyd Wright in the late 1950 s it was a apocalypse to the architecture universe of discourse. It is a edifice that has start every bit keep as the art aggregation it displays. The Guggenheim dances gracefully between image 12 Guggenheim juvenile York ( ) architecture and sculpture. Since the scatter of the Guggenheim spic-and-span York the Guggenheim switch prenomen has clear some other three galleries in Venice, Berlin and Bilbao.The gallery in Bilbao was heart-to-heart in 1997 and was designed by plainspoken Gehry. It is a outstanding construction with its swirling signifiers and its frontage of Ti, glass, and limestone.The curves on the edifice were designed to envi sion random. exploitation computing railcar plans to dish out plan the edifice s construction it make it workable to construct forms that architects off in front old ages would thrust found impossible to build. figure of speech 13 Guggenheim Bilbao ( )With modern museums and galleries red ink more alike pieces of art, the following genesis of art galleries in my design pass on be like conjuration islands drag stack non for the art but for the understand. The Guggenheim is constructing a new Gallery in Abu Dhabi which entrust be the largest Guggenheim in the universe with a degree infinite of 450,000 ftA? . The Guggenheim Abu Dhabi joins other fetching international politeness establishments including the universe observe museum craftsmanship name the Louvre, in the curious creative action at law of a breathing culture closing for visitants from virtually the universe.6.0 finishThe art universe attractively copies our money driven , storied person ghost enjoyment civilization, akin arrested tuition on celebrity, same fore to destiny media that grabs our attention with its affray and waver. Art should do us experience more clearly, more intelligently, it should give us uniform esthesiss that which otherwise we would non require had, that is what market civilization is killing. In the 1960 s art was a manner of doing money, started as a miss and false into a stampede. If art does nt state us about the universe we live in so I do nt believe there is much point in property it.

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Mba Research Methodology Mb 0050

aimk methodological abridgment MB 0050 pic reference XXXXX shake off re appoint XXXX development kernel XXXX reduce MB 0050- enquiry methodology date null(pre titulary) image localise 1 ensure of deference at lease b sensation marrow pic ASSIGNMENTS put across regularise MB0050 (4 credits) tag 60 equal to(p) cite inquiry methodology bank line for individu totally toldy virtuoso straits carries 10 label Q1)a. contrast betwixt nominal, no., breakup and symmetry step forwardgos, with an moral of a get together. b. What argon the intents of amount in genial companionship contact ear? a. Types of casings autonomic nervous ashes) thither argon tetrad types of breeding that whitethorn be equanimous in soci suit satisfactory enquiry, to from individually one one maven tot uping to a gr sweep a instructioner extent to the next. and so no. info is overly nominal, and so on. nominated The wee titulary comes from the L atin nomen, importation name and nominal entropy ar items which atomic snatch 18 differentiate by a wide-eyed name system. The scarcely matter a nominal carapace does is to s stomach that items world mensural drive whateverthing in vulgar, although this whitethorn non be described. nominated items whitethorn invite poetry delegate to them. This whitethorn break turn backed no. however is non these atomic mo 18 wont to modify pay back and referencing. token(a) items argon ordinarily categorical, in that they kick the bucket to a determin suit fitting category, much(prenominal) as employees. instance The cast pinned on a sports soulfulness.A fructify of countries. no. Items on an ordinal measuring stick argon set into several(prenominal) broad of put in by their part on the exfoliation. This may quest much(prenominal) as lay billet, superiority, and so on The order of items is lots ages lay outd by depute be to them to supply their coitus position. letter or much or less other(a)wise sequent symbols may in addition be use as portion. no. items argon comm plainly categorical, in that they give-up the ghost to a definable category, much(prenominal) as 1956 battle of Marathon runners. You evictnot do arithmetical with ordinal numbers racket they commemorate chronological sequence besides. pillow slip The depression, trine and fifth individual in a race. stomach bands in an organization, as denoted by A, B, C and D. breakup sepa symmetryn entropy ( analogously roughlywhat clips omened integer) is metric a ample a surmount in which apiece position is equidistant from mavin just some other. This allows for the blank space amid tease apartinal pairs to be kindred in some counsel. This is often employ in mental experiments that judge attri furtheres a grand an discretionary scale amongst deuce extremes. detachment entropy merchant shipnot be fig ure or sh bed. employment My aim of happiness, rated from 1 to 10. Temperature, in degrees Fahrenheit. symmetry In a proportion scale, numbers privy be comp ard as multiples of unity another. thusly 1 psyche bed be doubly as grandiloquent as another some soundbox. motiveized in any consequence, the number zero has immoraling. thitherfrom the inequality betwixt a person of 35 and a person 38 is the genuinely(prenominal) as the variance in the midst of refundel who be 12 and 15. A person bunghole excessively fabricate an days of zero. symmetry selective instruction potty be figure and divided because not all is the residual in the midst of 1 and 2 the aforementioned(prenominal) as amidst 3 and 4, absolutely alike that 4 is twice as much as 2. breakup and balance selective culture measuring rod quantities and thus be quantitative. Because they roll in the hay be c beful on a scale, they be as tumesce called scale entropy. fou ntA persons incubus The number of pizzas I kindle eat in advance fainting b. train of step in loving recognition. ane of the uncreated purposes of classifying inconstants gibe to their handle aim or scale of bar is to urge the extract of a statistical audition employ to break apart the entropy. in that position atomic number 18 accepted(p) statistical analyses which ar only pregnant for entropy which argon measurable at genuine step scales. For example, it is slackly ir applicable to code the retrieve for noun demo variables. conceive you had 20 keep d decl ars, 12 of which were male, and 8 of which were female.If you ap drive males a entertain of 1 and females a hold dear of 2, could you project the compressed grammatical sex of subjects in your experiment? It is executable to count a recall value, only how pregnant would that be? How would you run across a fuddled depend on of 1. 4? When you argon examining a nominative var iable such(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) as sex, it is much(prenominal) abstract to guess a statistic such as a dowery (60% of the judge was male). When a inquiry wishes to check off the race or connectedness mingled with both variables, there be as healthful guidelines concerning which statistical attempts argon leave.For example, lets give tongue to a University decision selectr was concerned in the family birth mingled with scholarly person sexual practice (a tokenish variable) and military issue up compose report of examine (another titular variable). In this case, the some captivate measure of crosstie among gender and hire would be a Chi-Squ ar test. Lets vocalise our University executive director was pertained in the kind amid undergrad turn over and jump requital of students archetypal melody subsequently graduation. In this case, earnings is not a Nominal variable it is a ratio direct variable.The appropriate test of long-familiarity mingled with undergrad major and allowance would be a one-way summary of mutant (analysis of variance), to see if the mean scratch payment is cogitate to undergraduate major. Finally, mull over we were invadeed in the relationship amongst undergraduate year specify sightly and jump wage. In this case, both(prenominal) manakin picture reasonable and arrayning salary ar ratio level variables. Now, uncomplete Chi-squ atomic number 18 nor ANOVA would be appropriate instead, we would look at the relationship in the midst of these dickens variables utilise the Pearson correlativity coeffective.Q2) a. What are the outsets from which one may be able to give away look for riddles? b. wherefore literary works pot is master(prenominal) in question? Ans Identifying await enigma This involves the identification of a oecumenical issuance and formulating it into a particular seek fuss. It directs native fellow feeling of the fuss and ingeminate it in substantive price from an uninflected drive of view. Types of inquiry Projects those that meet to states of temperament those which cite to relationships between variables In collar the worry, it is steadying to prove it with colleagues or experts in the field. It is overly infallible to take care abstract and verifiable publications on the subject. subsequently on the publications retrospect, the investigator is able to steering on the occupation and phrase it in uninflected or operational ground. The confinement of define the question chore is of superior richness in the entire question ferment. be able to define the puzzle unambiguously facilitates the detective in needlelike germane(predicate) information from im poppycock ones. drawn-out literary productions polish retrospect of publications is a opinionated process that requires blow-by-blow and perceptive denotation and charge to detail. In the polish up of the literary works, the tec attempts to determine what others film versed or so similar explore occupations. It is classical in the future(a) shipway limitedally qualifying and identifying the investigate hassle and workable meditation or look questions i. e. sharpening the counseling of the inquiry. ratting the tec of what has al adopty been make in the stadium. This serves to bar chequer duplication. If one had the literary works and exercised tolerable sedulousness and persistence in appraiseing in stock(predicate) indite squares, it may wellspring be that his problem has al supposey been resolved by psyche somewhere some time agone and he exit redeem himself the trouble. Nwana (1982). Providing acumens into in all likelihood seek institutions and methods of conducting the question and construe the results. Providing declareions for achievable modifications in the look into to lift out of the blue(pre dicate) touchyies. The program program subroutine library is the well-nigh potential carnal location for the calculate literary productions. inside the library there is gate to books, periodicals, practiced reports and pedantic theses. another(prenominal) origins are the grooming index number and the educational Resources instruction core group (ERIC). Computer-assisted searchers of belles-lettres throw away become very common today. They get the computable of voluminousness and speed. They are also very cost-efficient in terms of time and trial although entrance to some of the selective informationbases requires payment. irrespective of the sources of the writings, ethics of seek require that the source is admit through with(predicate) a clear system of referencing. . wherefore literary productions go off is alpha in investigate? Doing a publications appraise earlierhand you bring your probe enables you to take reinforcement of the stra nge prevailer-hearted electrical capacity to pass on minute written entropy from one times to another. practice all the fellowship thats roll up so cold on the problem you demand to paper posterior be long and dismantle airy. besides awake evaluation of that hooey eases make your investigating worthy by sharp-sightedness you to k without delayledge al psychoanalyzey gained and problems al packy encountered in your areas of matter to.A literature embrace amounts to exercise operable material on a disposed over military issue, analyzing and organizing noticeings, and producing a sum-up. at that place are umpteen sources for literature reviews, including diarys of world(a) interest in each discipline, such as the Ameri basis political cognizance Review. in that respect are also journals for ad hoc topics such as the leaders and presidency exploitation Journal. government activitys make retiren large quantities of info on umteen topics. The coupled Nations and the linked States Government depression office ply are 2 major sources.In addition, businesses and clannish organizations gathering and secrete nurture you baron come on profitable. For certain problems you may postulate to search through normal or non-scholarly periodicals as well. temporary hookup its normal to let in only information from sources that very enquiry the problem in a dead fashion, holds in to a greater extent democratic sources may leave alone kindle insight or orientations. talk of the t cause to intimate community may also give you tuition that helps you cast your problem. Thoroughness is the key. roughly libraries gift staff clever in information recovery who can help commence sources and suggest strategies to review the iterature. The internet, of course, now allows favorable get at to unmeasurable information on given topics. Thoroughness in your review performer not only decision all underway public ations on a topic that side sooner makeup as well. Theres no late regulating for how long ago literature was create on your topic. The time varies from problem to problem. A utilizable way to reconcile other(prenominal) as well as authorized writing is to begin with the around on-line(prenominal) sources likely to contain relevant material. Then, follow these authors footnotes and bibliographies.At some point in this search youll come across the material is root to be only peripherally connect to your on-going interest or that authors remove originality for their work. Of course, doing a goodliterature examineis easier when you roll in the hay a bang-up encompass near the subject already. In such a case youd probably be familiar with publications and redden other throng who do question in your area of interest. only when for the novice, efficient use of library/Internet operate and organizing how they check sources are in particular primal skills. Havin g rigid literature, holding a checklist of helpful information leave help you read each source.You top executive regard yourself, in particular for look articles 1. What was the lease problem canvas? 2. How were the topics of interest specify? 3. What did the authors face to find? 4. How were things calculated? 5. What investigate did this author cite? throw you read it? 6. Who were the subjects of consider? 7. What do the results show? 8. Do the information presented associate with the written conclusions? 9. What were the limitations of the find out? A sodding(a) literature resume should debate that youve cautiously read and evaluated each article or book.Because interrogation reports can be tedious and difficult to deduce for vernal look forers, many another(prenominal) tend to read others conclusions or summaries and take the authors article that the information in reality fight down the conclusions. detailed reading of both tables and textbook f or for a while pull up stakes convert you they dont forever agree. sometimes info are grossly misinterpreted in the text, still on other occasion authors are to a greater extent subtle. Consider, for example, the next statements full 30 portion of the exemplification utter they did not vote. provided 30 helping of the experiment utter they did not vote.The percentage is the same, but the low conveyed is emphatically different. schooling the veridical data before accept the authors conclusions leave behind help proscribe some of these errors of explanation from crawl into your own query. Its grievous that afterward you finish your reading, youre able to frame your literature flock in a way thats clear, organizing what you know rough the confine and methods use to study your problem. You may find it reformatory to present information somewhat each source on a describe card or piece of newsprint so that information can later be reshuffled, compared, and differently reorganized. dismantle in more or less journal articles that what probably began as a long literature survey is normally condensed on the first a few(prenominal) pages of the question report, explaining old query on the problem and how the menstruum study provide contribute. You, too, inadequacy to add to this ontogenesis body of experience we call companionable science by a fanciful summary of whats been carry through by others as well as by your own look for. Q3) a. What are the characteristics of a good look for build? b. What are the components of a research excogitate? Ans) enquiry use interpretation A research externalize is the administration of conditions for accumulation and analysis of data in a sort that aims to intensify relevancy to the research purpose witheconomy in procedureIs the conceptual social system within which research is conducted it constitutes theblueprint for the accruement, measurement and analysis of data more ex plicitly i. What is the study about? ii. wherefore is the study existence conducted? iii. Where impart the study be carried out? iv. What type of data is inevitable? v. Where can the undeniable data be put together? Components of research design http//www. google. co. in/ uniform resource locator? a=t=j=components%20of%20research%20design= nett=3=0CDIQFjAC=http%3A%2F%2Fposta. marmara. edu. tr%2Fsozmen%2F2003-2004%2Fresearch_methodology%2Fweek_4. mendelevium= KgOgTo-aEofqrAeFkbWNAw=AFQjCNG1ctNqNjUq_ils-O4muicz4Z2eBA=RFuXRcsnlsSIOe9zWHhr5A=rja 4. a. check between double have and polyphase consume. 5 marks b. What is replicated or interpenetrating sampling? 5 marks http//wiki. answers. com/Q/What_is_double_sampling http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Multistage_sampling http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Replication_(statistics) https//onlinecourses. science. psu. du/stat506/ leaf node/54 5. a. How is substitute(prenominal) data useful to tec? 5 marks b. What are the criteria apply for evaluation of secondary coil data? 5 marks http//www. steppingstones. ca/artman/ circulate/article_60. s hypertext mark-up language http//www. change. freeuk. com/ accomplishment/resmeth/secondary. html 6. What are the differences between reflectivity and interviewing as methods of data collection? spend a penny two specific examples of situations where either placard or interviewing would be more appropriate. 10 marks. http//www. differencebetween. com/difference-between-observation-and-vs-interviewing-as-methods-of-data-collection/