Thursday, March 7, 2019

History and Development of the Charismatic/Pentecostal Movement Essay

Charismatic reason is a religious revivification movement that developed during the late 1960s among members of several Christian surnames, notably Roman Catholics, Episcopalians, and Wesleyans. Charismatic believe they apprise become infused with the beatified smack. When so infused, they believe, they may be granted such charisms (gifts) as the ability to chatter in tongues, to guard prophecies, and to heal by reliance. Charismatics sh ar umpteen beliefs and intrusts with the pentecostal churches but do not consider themselves to be pentecostals (Duin, 2000).Moreover, pentecostal churches etymon their faith and normal on certain religious experiences that atomic number 18 enter in the late Testament. pentecostal churches t to each one that every Christian should undertake to be fill with the Holy Spirit. The proof of this occurrence comes when the person says in tongues. That is, the person will speak in a language he has never learned. The forward-looking Te stament refers to the disciples utterance in tongues on the sidereal daytime of Pentecost (Acts 2), and mentions speaking in tongues elsewhere (Blumhofer, 2004).Pentecost is an important springtime Jewish and Christian feast. Its name comes from the Greek word fifty because Pentecost occurred on the fiftieth day after the first day of Passover. As a Jewish benediction feast for the harvest, it was called Feast of Firstfruits (Exodus 2316) and Shabuot or the Feast of Weeks (Leviticus 23 15-21) From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off heptader full weeks. Count off fifty old age up the day after the seventh Sabbath and then present an offering of new element to the Lord.From wherever you live, bring two loaves do of two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour, adust with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits to the lord. Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and with out defect, virtuoso young bull and two r ams From the least the 200s, Christians celebrated Pentecost on the seventh Sunday after Easter as one of their great feasts. It commemorated the descent of the Holy Spirit (called Holy Ghost in former(a) English) upon the apostles on this day (Acts 2 1-4)When the day of the Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a gaga wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled tem. He had been promised by Jesus as another Comforter (John 1416) and came to strengthen the apostles after their nine days of prayer following the uprising of Jesus into heaven.Then they showed themselves more courageous and zealous than they had been before. Pentecost was subsequent called Whitsunday or White Sunday, because the newly baptized wore their white baptismal robes on that day, marker the end of the joyous Easter season (pentecostalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2004). In masses of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church, red vestments are worn on Pentecost to symbolize the tongues of fire representing the Holy Spirit (Acts 23).This paper studies the origin of Pentecostal/Charismatic movement and knows some identifications that practice the Pentecostal beliefs. II. Discussion Pentecostal churches that emphasize glossolalia (speaking in unknown tongues). The marches Pentecostal refers to the day of Pentecost, soon after the death of Jesus, when the disciples spoke in unknown tongues. In present-day Pentecostal churches, during the highly emotional moments of the service, members make utterances that have not been identified with any known language (Wakefield, 1999).Pentecostals as well as believe that they can receive other supernatural gifts. For example, they believe they can be give n the ability to prophesy, to heal, and to interpret what is said when someone speaks in an unknown tongue. The new Testament refers to these gifts in I Corinthians 12-14. Aside from these classifiable qualities, however, individual Pentecostal denominations do not usually resemble each other. There are more than three dozen Pentecostal groups in the United States of America alone. They differ radically in size as well as in their interpretations of matters of faith and practice.Some of the largest Pentecostal bodies are Church of God in Christ, 3,700,000 members Assemblies of God, 2,100,000 United Pentecostal Church International, 500,000 Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), 455,000 Church of God in Christ, International, 200,000 International Church of the Four-square Gospel, 180,000 Pentecostal Holiness Church, 110,000 and the Pentecostal Church of God, 90,000. Pentecostal churches trace their origins to revivals of tongue-speaking that occurred at Bethel account book College in Topeka, Kans., in 1901, and at the Azusa Street Mission in Los Angeles in 1906. Similar revivals also took place in Great Britain and in Europe, Asia, and Latin America during the early 1900s. Since the 1930s, the Pentecostal denominations have grown rapidly. With a planetary membership estimated at seven million, the Pentecostals are somemultiplication called Christianitys tertiary Force, alongside the Roman Catholicism and traditional Protestantism (Ferm, 2001). Many Pentecostal churches are Methodist in origin. John Wesley, one of the founders of Methodism, believed on perfectionism.As Methodism later decreased its emphasis on perfectionism, many American Methodists broke remote and formed their own churches. Stressing the perfectionist philosophy, these bodies are became known as Holiness churches. The Pentecostal churches are usually defined as those Holiness churches that consider speaking in tongues an important signalize of having attained holiness. A. Assemblies of God Assemblies of God are Protestant Christian churches forming the largest of the Pentecostal denominations. The basic belief of this denomination is that variety is a spiritual rebirth.Speaking in tongues is the first sign that that the Holy Spirit has been received by the reborn. Members believe in the infallibility of the Bible, the second feeler of Christ to rule the world, eternal bliss for believers, and eternal punishment for the wicked. The denomination is composed of churches (assemblies) that are self-governing in local affairs. Each prescribed minister and one lay delegate from each assembly is a member of the General Council, which is responsible for missions, publications, and other matters affecting the entire denomination (Assemblies of God.The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2004). The church arose out of a rival movement about 1900. The General Council was organized in 1914. Membership is about 2,100,000 in the United States. The church has missions in a nu mber of African and Latin American nations. International headquarters are in Springfield, Missouri. B. Practices and Beliefs contribute of Tongues Gift of tongues in Christianity is the ability to praise God in words that cannot be identified with any known language.It is also called glossolalia (Greek tongue talking). Speaking in tongues occurs during moments of intense religious emotion. Many people believe that the speaker is have by the Holy Spirit. In Pentecostal churches, the gift of tongues is considered a sign of spiritual perfection. Early in the 1960s, speaking in tongues spread with with(predicate) some congregations in other denominations, especially in the Episcopal, Roam Catholic, and Methodist churches (Glossolalia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2004).According to the Bible (Acts 21-13), 50 days after the Resurrection of Jesus, on the Jewish Pentecost, the Holy Spirit entered the disciples of Jesus and caused them to speak strange words. Many foreign Jews who were present understood the words, even though they were not spoken in their language. Instances of the gift of tongues are recorded in later New Testament books. However, in all these cases the words were say to God and were not understood by any human be (Pentecostal movement. Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge). Faith healingFaith healing is another practice of Pentecostal church. Faith healing is the curing of physical and mental ailments through with(predicate) religious faith of the sufferers. Medical science recognizes many kinds of physical disorders that are caused or made worse by the patients relegate of mind. These ailments can often be senior or relieved by mental therapyby changing the patients outlook kind of than by prescribing medicine. Faith in the curing power of religion or religious relics has often brought about this mental change. Some reported cases faith healing, however, cannot be explained medically (Foster, 2006).Faith healing has been rec orded in many religions under various conditions. In the Old Testament, the Syrian general Naaman was cured of leprosy when, as instructed by the prophet Elisha, he washed himself seven times in the River Jordan (II Kings 510-14). Jesus performed many miracles of healing. After healing a leper, Jesus said to the man Arise, go thy way thy faith hath made thee whole (Luke 1719). The apostles performed acts of healing. They believed that prayer of faith shall save the sick (James 515). III. ConclusionThe Pentecostal churches stress the doctrine of perfectionism, or holiness, which states that man has forego choice, while still on primer, may become sinless through uniting with God. This doctrine rose in reaction to the Calvinist doctrine of predestination, which states, in part, that man is sinful by nature and may be saved only through Gods choice. Other beliefs vulgar to many Pentecostal churches are the fundamentalist ideas that the entire Bible is literally true and that Jesus w ill return physically to rule the earth some of the Pentecostal churches also practice faith healing (Pentecostal churches.New ideal Encyclopedia).Reference1. Blumhofer, Edith L. Thinking in the Spirit Theologies of the Early Pentecostal Movement. The Christian Century. Volume 121. Issue 7. Page 43+. April 6, 2004. 2. Duin, Julia. Charismatic Movement Transcends Sects. The upper-case letter Times. Page Number 2. March 31, 2000. 3. Pentecostalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press, New York, 2004. 4. Wakefield, Dan. Fire from Heaven The Rise of Pentecostal Spirituality and the Reshaping of Religion in the Twenty-First Century.The Nation. Volume 260. Issue 3. Page Number 98+. January 23, 1999. 5. Pentecostal churches. New Standard Encyclopedia. Vol. 13, Page 456-457. 6. Assemblies of God. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. New York, 2004. 7. Glossolalia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. New York, 2004. 8. Foster, Mark. Sugar Grove Pentecostal Church Draws Members. Daily Herald. Page Number 4, Dec. 18, 2006. 9. Ferm, Vergilius. An Encyclopedia of Religion. Philosophical Library. New York,

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