Friday, February 1, 2019
Freud V Erickson Essay -- Psychology Psychologists Compare Contrast
Sigmund Freud is probably the most familiar name that comes to mind when one thinks of famous psychologists. Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia in 1856, but when he was four old age old his family moved to Vienna, where Freud was to live and work until the last year of his life. The background signal of Freuds interests, and of his professional training, was very broad - he always considered himself first and beginning(a) a scientist, endeavoring to extend the compass of human kno(prenominal)ledge, and to this end, rather than to the practise of medicine, he enrolled at the medical school at the University of Vienna in 1873. He concentrated initially on biology, doing research in physiology for six geezerhood under the great German scientist Ernst Brcke, who was director of the Physiology Laboratory at the University, thereafter specializing in neurology. Eventually, Freud set up a private practice in the treatment of psychological disorders, which gave him much of the clinic al material on which he establish his theories and his pioneering techniques.(Amacher)Freuds theories of receivement relied heavily on the belief that childish cozyity must be seen as an integral part of a broader developmental theory of human personality. This had its origins in, and was a generalization of, Breuers earlier discovery that traumatic childhood events could have devastating negative effects upon the big(p) individual, and took the form of the general thesis that early childhood sexual experiences were the of the essence(p) factors in the determination of the adult personality.(Freud2) From his account of the instincts or obliges it followed that from the moment of wear the infant is driven in his actions by the inclination for bodily/sexual pleasure, where this is seen by Freud in almost mechanical terms as the desire to release mental energy. This lasts until puberty, when mature genital development begins, and the pleasure drive refocuses around the genital a rea.(Amacher) It was also a friend and fellow analyst of Freuds, Erik Erickson, who created one of the major theories that open a window to the development of everything that makes us who we are on the inside. It is referred to as Ericksons Theory of Human growing and it simplifies the complex topic of human personality.(Miller)First, lets talk to the highest degree the man himself. Erik Homberger was born in Frankfurt, Germany in 1902. The conditions ... ...believed that personality continued to develop across the lifespan and describes stages of adult development not considered by Freud. two theorists emphasized the unconscious, but Erickson went beyond this to discuss the importance of the collective unconscious an idea Freud particularly rejected. Both theorists had little physical evidence to sustain their hypothesis, however because of the early stages of development that the field of psychology was in, they were accepted based primarily on merit, and have been later evaluated by evidence, and some part accepted and others disregarded.BibliographyAmacher, Peter. Freuds Neurological Education and Its Influence on Psychoanalytic Theory.Psychological Issues IV, no. 4, monograph 16. New York International Universities Press, 1965.Battino, R., & South, T. 1997. Ericksonian Approaches A Comprehensive Manual. Neuyptology PressFreud, Sigmund, Brill, A. A., ed. (1938). The Basic literature of Sigmund Freud, New York The Modern LibraryFreud, Sigmund. (1935). An Autobiographical Study., London Hogarth Press.Miller, P. (1983). Theories of Developmental Psychology. San Francisco W.H. freeman and Company.