ANCIENT HISTORYThe Three s . Society in medieval Europe consisted of the nobles the clergy , and the peasantry . Noblemen were the class of warriors whose function was to fight to protect the an other(a)(prenominal) both s . The clergy played the role of a go- among between divinity and laity and one of its main functions was to clutch night club to weeher . The peasantry formed the largest group and its task was to gain for the other two s to support them Advances in factory enkindle contributed to an increase in population growth and trade which light-emitting rectifying valve to the growth of cities . Townsmen started to form alliances with the kings in their fight against the landed splendor and forced the mighty aristocracy into decline . City dwellers also criticized the church for its special immunities and interf erence in secular matters which gave move tow to movements like those of Franciscans or Dominicans . These s advocated humility , reasonableness , and meagerness among clergymen and emphasized the importance of living according to the saintly religious doctrine (The West in The World : improve : High eye AgesThe Three Religions of the West . Christianity began within the Judaic religion among those who followed rescuer Christ but later it in stages separated from rabbinical Judaism . Islam began in Arabia in the VII century with the emergence of Muhammad . The Christian church building divided into Latin-speaking west (with its message in capital of Italy ) and the Greek-speaking east (with its centre in Constantinople . The Nicaean Creed describing the beliefs of eastern and Western Christians was ratified in 431 . notwithstanding , roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians disagree to a greater extent or less the Filioque clause that was include later by th e Western church . some(prenominal) Roman ! Catholic and Orthodox Christians believe that God is one unmarried eternal being who exists as ternary distinct and invisible persons : Father , Son (Jesus , and Holy animate . The fundamental invention in Islam is the oneness of God .
Both Christians and Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment , life aft(prenominal)wards death , promised land , and hell (Christianity , IslamThe Papacy . Charlemagne was the defender and at the same clipping subjugator of the Church and the pope was nothing more than his indicatorful liegeman Since that time , European monarchies tried to control the Church and enforce their will on th e papal elections . However , after innocent III popes Page 2became political leaders with positions and demanded that in that respect be no secular interference in the nominating address of bishops or popes . They also had the right to excommunicate , crown or dismiss kings (Gilbert Church and State : the chivalrous Papacy and the occupy of world power . The popes intervention in secular personal matters was justified by the asshole Unam Sanctum (1302 . According to the Bull , spiritual power surpasses in dignity and in nobility any planetal power and therefore it belongs to spiritual power to establish the erratic power . As a moment , all homo beings , for their own salvation , are vanquish to the Roman pope (Unam SanctumBIBLIOGRAPHYChristianity . April , 18 2006Gilbert , Jim . Church and State : the Medieval Papacy and the Balance of Power . April , 18 2006Islam...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ord erCustomPaper.com
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