Monday, September 9, 2013

Human Motivation

HUMAN MOTIVATION motif is defined as a process of arousing and sustaining close-directed doings induced by the anticipation of punishing psyche ineluctably . need gives a someone encouragement to do somethingThe motivation process comes this wayUnsatisfied motif - accent - Drives - Search carriage - Satisfied need - Reduction of strain - New ungratified needsThis process explains that an unsatisfied need creates latent hostility and a recite of disequilibrium . A goal must(prenominal) be identify to satisfy the need and a expression pathway to this goal must be selected in to restore the balance p nether the concept of Abraham Maslow s major power structure of pitying needs speculation the wants and bank of human being is greatly influenced by one s style . Also according to this supposition , exactly unsati sfied needs can influence art object satisfied needs cannot . The needs ar arranged in of importance , from basic to multiplex : physiologic - safety - hearty - esteem - self-fulfillment . When the dispirit need is satisfied , the near higher one becomes ascendent . For example , at demoralise level of Maslow s hierarchy of human needs , physiological need such as currency (which serve as a motivator ) motivates a person to go to his gain terrene . At higher levels of hierarchy , respect , recognition , dominance and a sense of belong are far more powerful motivators than money because it motivates the employee to work hardThe basic idea primal Expectancy- care for theory is that motivated behavior results from the combination of private needs and the value of goals available in the environment . Expectancy-value theory also stresses the idea that the probability of behavior depends not only upon the value of the goal for the individual plainly also upon the perso n s expectancy of obtaining the goalThe conc! ept of expectancy is beta because it assumes that behavior is a function of one s estimation of obtaining the precious goal . consequently even a highly cute goal may not generate much behavior if the expectancy of succeeder replete(p)y reaching the goal is very bittie . Expectancies are chiefly regarded as being built up through bang .
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The motives that expectancy-value theories generally attempt to explain are usually psychological in nature rather than physiological (Korman , 1974 ) and include such motives as achievement , dominance , power , and affiliationRotter ( 1954 ) noted foursome basic concepts of expectanc y-value theory present in his social encyclopaedism analysis of behavior . First , our orientation for an event is obdurate by that event s reinforcement value . Second , we buzz off subjective estimates of our chances of obtaining particular reinforcers , or , to go down it in expectancy-value terms , we develop mind-sets ab forth obtaining goals . Third , our expectations are goaded by maculational factor . Fourth , our reactions in bracing situation will be based on reason out expectations from the past . Even though we may never deem been in such situation before , these generalized expectation will guide behavior . For example , suppose we reduce learned through past encounters that we can bluff others in to get out of difficult social situationsREFERENCESPetri , H (1996 . Motivation : Theory , Research and Application (4th ed .USA : Brooks / scar Publishing CompanyGeen , R (1995...If you want to get a broad essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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